By Terry M. Mays
In 1981 the association of African harmony (OAU) mandated and fielded the 1st neighborhood peacekeeping operation because the Arab League's venture in Kuwait twenty years past. Battalion-sized contingents from Nigeria, Senegal, and Zaire have been joined by means of smaller observer contingents from different OAU participants so one can offer a buffer sector among the 2 major factions within the Chadian civil war.
Mays opens his research by way of delivering an outline of the idea that of peacekeeping. numerous definitions are provided to aid distinguish among a few of the kinds of peace operations. After analyzing the idea that hegemon, he appears to be like on the methods local and subregional hegemons make the most of peacekeeping operations as international coverage instruments as they shield their pursuits. Mays argues that Nigeria, as a West African hegemon, served because the relocating strength in the back of the mandating and fielding of the OAU peacekeeping challenge in Chad. instead of being in basic terms humanitarian in nature, Nigeria's motivation incorporated the removing of French and later Libyan infantrymen from a susceptible kingdom on its border. despite the fact that, Nigeria couldn't practice the duty by myself. France and the USA have been instrumental in addition within the mandating and fielding procedure. French and American pursuits stemmed from predicament over Libyan factors in Chad. Nigeria saved the trouble to mandate the peacekeeping operation alive for 2 years; France proved to be the stimulus at the back of persuading the Chadian govt to just accept the deployment of OAU peacekeepers and prompting the Senegalese to give a contribution a battalion to the challenge; the U.S. contributed by means of preserving France and Nigeria eager about a peacekeeping resolution and assisting convince Zaire to hitch the project.
Mays deals the 1st accomplished exam of the OAU peacekeeping venture and studies the political and armed forces association of the strength in addition to its deployment, redeployment plans, logistics, and operations among the Chadian factions. using an in depth number of assets, together with interviews with members, diplomats, and govt files, he provdies an in depth exam of each meeting/conference among 1979 and 1981 that mentioned a peacekeeping choice for Chad. components of luck in conventional peacekeeping operations are utilized to the OAU undertaking, and he concludes through reviewing the impression of the 1981-1982 OAU operation on present African peacekeeping traits. a useful research for students, scholars, and different researchers concerned with peacekeeping, diplomacy, and African studies.
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Africa's First Peacekeeping Operation: The OAU in Chad, 1981-1982 by Terry M. Mays