Fabian Lehmann's Das DDR-Programm in Angola im Vergleich zu Burundi: PDF

By Fabian Lehmann

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Afrikawissenschaften, word: 1,7, Universität Bayreuth, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Am four. April 2002 unterzeichneten die Akteure des Angolanischen Bürgerkrieges MPLA und UNITA ein Waffenstillstandsabkommen. Kurz zuvor battle der Kopf der UNITA-Bewegung, Jonas Savimbi bei Kampfhandlungen ums Leben gekommen. Die MPLA, während des Bürgerkrieges militärisch wesentlich von Kuba und der Sowjetunion unterstützt, hatte gesiegt und stellt seitdem die Regierung des westafrikanischen Landes. Die UNITA, während des Krieges durch südafrikanische Truppen und später auch durch die united states unterstützt, bleibt in der politischen competition. Der Konflikt, hauptsächlich ausgetragen zwischen diesen beiden Akteuren, schwelte drei Jahrzehnte und lähmte das Land seit der Unabhängigkeit von Portugal 1975. Die Folgen sind Heute unübersehbar und wirken sich vielfältig aus. Damit dieser Frieden von Dauer ist, müssen Maßnahmen ergriffen werden, die Folgen des Krieges zu bewältigen und einen Zustand herzustellen, in dem alle Folgekonflikte friedlich bewältigt werden können.
Die folgenden Seiten werden ein Programm darstellen, das sich diesem challenge widmet. Wie können Menschen, die aktiv als Soldaten an diesem Krieg beteiligt waren, wieder Teil einer Zivilgesellschaft werden? Wie können Menschen die mit dem Krieg aufgewachsen sind, vielleicht durch ihren offered und die Plünderungen von ihm profitiert haben, ein erfülltes Leben außerhalb militärischer Hierarchie und Gewalt führen? Die Akteure der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit antworten mit einer Reihe von Maßnahmen, die unter dem Kürzel DDR zusammengefasst werden. DDR steht dabei für Disarmament, Demobilization und Reintegration und hat den Anspruch, nach dem Ende des Krieges die Soldaten zu entwaffnen und aus der militärischen Laufbahn in die Zivilgesellschaft zu reintegrieren, vielleicht sogar auch zum ersten mal zu integrieren. Dieses ehrgeizige Programm soll anhand der Folgen des angolanischen Bürgerkrieges vorgestellt werden. Dabei soll das theoretischen excellent mit der Realität verglichen und entstehende Probleme vorgestellt werden. Da DDR aber nicht nur in Angola sondern in einigen weiteren afrikanischen Ländern praktiziert wird, soll ein weiteres Land beispielhaft betrachtet werden und der Erfolg der Reintegration ehemaliger Soldaten in Angola anhand ausgewählter Aspekte verglichen werden. Seit 2004 finden auch in Burundi solche Maßnahmen statt. Inwiefern diese mit denen in Angola übereinstimmen und mit welchem Erfolg die Demobilisierung in Burundi geschieht, wird im zweiten Teil dieser Arbeit erörtert werden.

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The Atlantic Slave Trade in World History (Themes in World by Jeremy Black PDF

By Jeremy Black

In The Atlantic Slave alternate in global History, Jeremy Black offers a compact but finished survey of slavery and its influence at the global, basically established at the Atlantic alternate. starting with a transparent dialogue of the issues of defining slavery, the ebook is going directly to examine the Atlantic slave alternate from its origins to abolition, together with comparisons to different platforms of slavery open air the Atlantic area and the endurance of modern day slavery. Crucially, the booklet doesn't ask readers to desert their emotional ties to the topic, yet places occasions in context in order that it turns into transparent how such an establishment not just arose, yet flourished.

Black exhibits that slavery and the slave alternate weren't purely components to the advance of Western civilization, yet in detail associated with it. In a necessary and obtainable narrative, The Atlantic Slave alternate in international History allows scholars to appreciate this poor portion of human heritage and the way it formed the fashionable world.

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Banning Eyre's Lion Songs: Thomas Mapfumo and the Music That Made Zimbabwe PDF

By Banning Eyre

Like Fela Kuti and Bob Marley, singer, composer, and bandleader Thomas Mapfumo and his song got here to symbolize his local country's anticolonial fight and cultural identification. Mapfumo used to be born in 1945 in what was once then the British colony of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). The trajectory of his career—from early performances of rock 'n' roll tunes to later making a new style according to conventional Zimbabwean tune, together with the sacred mbira, and African and Western pop—is a metaphor for Zimbabwe's evolution from colony to autonomous state. Lion Songs is an authoritative biography of Mapfumo that narrates the existence and occupation of this inventive, complicated, and iconic figure.
Banning Eyre ties the arc of Mapfumo's occupation to the heritage of Zimbabwe. The style Mapfumo created within the Nineteen Seventies referred to as chimurenga, or "struggle" tune, challenged the Rhodesian government—which banned his track and jailed him—and turned very important to Zimbabwe reaching independence in 1980. within the Eighties and Nineteen Nineties Mapfumo's foreign profile grew with his competition to Robert Mugabe's dictatorship. Mugabe have been a hero of the revolution, yet Mapfumo’s feedback of his regime led specialists and loyalists to show at the singer with threats and intimidation. starting in 2000, Mapfumo and key band and relatives left Zimbabwe. a lot of them, together with Mapfumo, now stay in Eugene, Oregon.
A exertions of love, Lion Songs is the fabricated from a twenty-five-year friendship courting among Eyre and Mapfumo that demonstrates Mapfumo's musical and political value to his country, its freedom fight, and its culture.

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Download e-book for kindle: Between Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign by Alvin B. Jr. Tillery

By Alvin B. Jr. Tillery

In among fatherland and Motherland, Alvin B. Tillery Jr. considers the historical past of political engagement with Africa at the a part of African american citizens, starting with the start of Paul Cuffe’s back-to-Africa move within the Federal interval to the Congressional Black Caucus’ fight to arrive consensus at the African progress and chance Act of 2000. not like the present view that pan-Africanism has been the dominant ideology guiding black leaders in formulating international coverage positions towards Africa, Tillery highlights the significance of family politics and elements in the African American community.Employing an leading edge multimethod procedure that mixes archival examine, statistical modeling, and interviews, Tillery argues that between African American elites—activists, intellectuals, and politicians—factors inner to the neighborhood performed a wide position in shaping their method of African concerns, and that shaping U.S. coverage towards Africa was once usually secondary to profitable political battles within the household area. while, Africa and its pursuits have been vital to America’s black elite, and Tillery’s research finds that many black leaders have robust attachments to the “motherland.” Spanning centuries of African American engagement with Africa, this publication exhibits how black leaders always balanced nationwide, transnational, and neighborhood impulses, no matter if distancing themselves from Marcus Garvey’s back-to-Africa circulate, assisting the anticolonialism activities of the Fifties, or opposing South African apartheid within the 1980s.

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Download PDF by Edna G. Bay,Kristin Mann: Rethinking the African Diaspora: The Making of a Black

By Edna G. Bay,Kristin Mann

due to new study, we will now paint a extra complicated photograph of peoples and cultures within the south Atlantic, from the earliest interval of the slave alternate as much as the current. The 9 papers during this quantity point out dynamic and non-stop stream of peoples east in addition to west around the Atlantic cast assorted and colourful re-inventions and re-interpretations of the wealthy mixture of cultures represented by way of Africans and peoples of African descent on either continents.

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Black Cosmopolitanism and Anticolonialism: Pivotal Moments - download pdf or read online

By Babacar M'Baye

This ebook examines the cosmopolitanism and anticolonialism that black intellectuals, corresponding to the African American W.E.B. Du Bois, the Caribbeans Marcus Garvey and George Padmore, and the Francophone West Africans (Kojo Touvalou-Houénou, Lamine Senghor, and Léopold Sédar Senghor) built throughout the global wars via combating for freedom, equality, and justice for Senegalese and different West African colonial squaddies (known as tirailleurs) who made huge, immense sacrifices to free up France from German oppression.

Focusing at the team spirit among this specific crew of African American, Caribbean, and Francophone West African intellectuals opposed to French colonialism, this booklet uncovers pivotal moments of black Anglophone and Francophone cosmopolitanism and strains them to released and archived writings produced among 1914 and the center of the 20th century.

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Elizabeth A. Eldredge's The Creation of the Zulu Kingdom, 1815–1828: War, Shaka, and PDF

By Elizabeth A. Eldredge

This scholarly account strains the emergence of the Zulu country in South Africa within the early 19th century, below the guideline of the bold and iconic King Shaka. not like fresh literary analyses of myths of Shaka, this publication makes use of the richness of Zulu oral traditions and a entire physique of written resources to supply a compelling narrative and research of the occasions and folks of the period of Shaka's rule. The oral traditions painting Shaka as worthwhile braveness and loyalty and punishing failure; as ordering the specified killing of his personal matters, either warriors and civilians, to make sure compliance to his rule; and as smug and intelligent, yet type to the bad and the mentally disabled. the wealthy and various oral traditions, transmitted from iteration to new release, demonstrate the $64000 roles and fates of guys and ladies, royal and topic, from the views of these who skilled Shaka's rule and the dramatic emergence of the Zulu Kingdom.

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Download e-book for iPad: Music and Social Change in South Africa: Maskanda Past and by Kathryn Olsen

By Kathryn Olsen

Music and Social swap in South Africa seems at modern maskanda-a people musical style distinctive via speedy guitar deciding upon and blues-style vocal intonation-against the backdrop of South Africa's historical past. A functionality perform that emerged within the early many years of the 20th century between Zulu migrant staff, maskanda is strongly linked to younger Zulu men's reports of repression and dislocation in the course of imperial and, extra really, apartheid rule.


Working heavily with translated tune lyrics and musical notation-and making use of musical and socio-political research to this tune and its cultural context-Olsen argues that maskanda bargains perception into how the post-apartheid excellent of social transformation is skilled through those that have been marginalized for many of the 20th century. 


Drawing on a decade of study, Olsen strives to demystify the Zulu a part of modern adventure in South Africa and to bare a number of the complexities of the social, fiscal, and political panorama of latest South Africa.

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Download e-book for iPad: Ethiopia Art and Culture: African art, Ethiopian Culture and by Mason Bass

By Mason Bass

Ethiopia is actually a Land of discovery - fantastic and gorgeous, secretive, mysterious and remarkable. especially issues, it's a state of serious antiquity. Ethiopia’s dramatic topography has in a few degree stimulated considered one of Africa’s specific longstanding cultural traditions. it truly is ruled by means of a volcanically shaped mountainous plateau often called the Ethiopian Highlands that reaches as much as 4,600 meters above sea point. This formation is bisected by means of the nice Rift Valley, which extends from the pink Sea to the Danakil melancholy, the place humanity advanced and the earliest proof of our ancestors has been discovered

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Read e-book online La guerre d'Algérie des Harkis (French Edition) PDF

By François-Xavier Hautreux

Le ultimate ouvrage de référence sur les harkis.

Toujours au centre d'une controverse politique et mémorielle entre l'Algérie et l. a. France, l'histoire des " harkis " demeure singulièrement méconnue. Pourtant, plusieurs centaines de milliers d'hommes – Algériens, combattants auxiliaires de l'armée française... – portèrent les armes contre les maquis nationalistes du FLN pendant l. a. guerre d'indépendance (1954-1962).
Dès les premières semaines du conflit, los angeles France chercha à enrôler sous son drapeau des paysans algériens pour lutter contre les " rebelles " auxquels toute prétention nationaliste était déniée. Nourries de l'expérience de los angeles Seconde Guerre mondiale et de l. a. guerre d'Indochine, de nouvelles doctrines militaires confièrent, à compter de 1956, un rôle inédit à ces unités, maillon essentiel dans l. a. " pacification " des campagnes algériennes.
Ce livre très attendu étudie et raconte l'histoire tragique de ces hommes durant los angeles guerre mais aussi, une fois l'indépendance acquise, l. a. position que leur a accordée l. a. jeune République algérienne. Sur l'autre rive de los angeles Méditerranée, remark los angeles République française a-t-elle intégré les dizaines de milliers d'Algériens que le pouvoir issu de l'indépendance menaçait ?
En revenant sur le parcours de ces individus, l'ouvrage évoque une web page encore hassle de l. a. guerre d'Algérie. Au-delà, il permet également de mieux comprendre un sujet qui divise, autour d'enjeux brûlants constitués par les questions d'identités nationales, entre intégration et exclusion.

Docteur en histoire, François-Xavier Hautreux enseigne dans le secondaire, tout en poursuivant ses recherches sur los angeles guerre moderne et ses implications au sein des sociétés colonisées.

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